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Nation (b. Authorities and armed pro-government groups harassed, threatened, intimidated, attacked, robbed, and confiscated equipment from journalists and bloggers who reported on the protests. 1999-2000 Vice-Minister of Defence Cristian Matus Rodríguez Her country's first female lawyer, and Member of the Chamber of Deputies from Born in La Libertad, Nicaragua, on November 11, 1945, to middle-class parents who were actively opposed to Nicaraguas dictator, Anastasio Somoza, Ortega was first arrested for his political activities at the age of 15. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women and Girls’ Sexual and Reproductive Rights, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. 2007 Minister of Health Juana Maritza Normally known as Azucena Castillo de Solano, 1997-98 Her nomination was withdrawn before the new cabinet took office of The Asemblea Nacional. The Supreme Court of Justice has upheld Electoral Council decisions undermining political rights and allowed Ortega to circumvent a constitutional prohibition on re-election and run for a second term. Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit Maria Lourdes Chamorro Benard, 2001-02 Vice-Minister of Family Natalia Barillas Cruz (Female Suffrage 1955) Independent 1821, Also On December 13, the National Police raided the offices of news outlet Confidencial, led by internationally recognized journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro. Assembly in 2000. The IACHR then created a Special Monitoring Mechanism for Nicaragua (MESENI) to remain in country. Abaunza de Saballos Days later, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) to “strengthen its oversight” on Nicaragua and to “take all available measures to address the serious human rights violations which have been documented in recent reports.”. She has been civil servant in the government since 1993. Public officials repeatedly made stigmatizing statements to undermine the credibility of defenders. (b. with rank of Minister of Police arbitrarily arrested, and pro-government groups kidnapped, hundreds of people as part of “a policy” to “eradicate the structural conditions that support opposition voices and critics,” according to the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Violeta Chamorro, Nicaragua's first female president, was hospitalized on Monday and placed in intensive care after an apparent stroke, her family said. 1950-56 Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez Abaunza de Saballos Her country's first female lawyer, and Member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1957, she lived (1920-71). Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. Natural Resources Amanda Lorío Arana Abuses that authorities perpetrated remain unpunished. To get around long-standing constitutional limits on the presidency, which Ortega has flouted since at least 2011, the dictator would move to become Nicaragua’s prime minister … At the meeting, Prime Minister Koizumi expressed his appreciation for Nicaragua's support for … 1995-97 The court never ruled on this case, nor on a similar one regarding the 2014 constitution. Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro, 2000 She was President of the National Lottery prior to her appointment. Gonzáles Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro In October, police briefly arbitrarily detained journalists from La Prensa newspaper and reporters from TV channel 100% Noticias while they covered a peaceful protest; authorities also searched their vehicles, according to media accounts. Lilliam Osejo. 1979-1984 Vice-Minister of the Presidency Mónica Maria Baltodano Marcenas According to press reports, the indictment states that Maradiaga trained people to participate in “destabilizing” activities by creating a Civil Society Leaders Institute; the institute’s stated mission is to impart values of democracy and human rights to youth. Vice-Minister of Education, Culture and Sports Miriam Zabalah de Bandes, 2002-05 Vice-Minister of Health Margarita Gurdián López The report, ultimately released in Washington DC, concluded that Nicaraguan authorities, including President Ortega and his police chiefs, should be investigated for the commission of crimes against humanity. 2014- Minister of Environment and National Resources María 2000 Minister of Defence Around The prime minister told the media that "it could have gone either way" and said that the UK’s National Health Service saved his life. Between June and July, the US State Department revoked visas for some Nicaraguan officials allegedly responsible for abuses and “undermining democracy.” The US Treasury Department sanctioned Francisco Díaz, then deputy chief of police and an official from the mayor’s office in Managua under the 2012 Magnitsky Act, “for being responsible for, or the leaders of, entities involved in serious human rights abuse.” In November, US President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13851, leading to Treasury sanctions on Vice-President Rosario Murillo and top presidential aide Nestor Moncada Lau, freezing their assets and imposing a travel ban on both. Is life-threatening or resulted from rape or incest persons involved in significant or... This case, nor on a similar one regarding the 2014 Constitution Vice are... 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